AHAZIAH


AHAZIAH
AHAZIAH (Heb. אֲחַזְיָה, אֲחַזְיָהו; "YHWH holds firm"), the name of two biblical kings. (1) Son of ahab , king of Israel (c. 853–852 B.C.E.). The biblical account of his two-year reign (I Kings 22:52–II Kings 1:18) faults Ahaziah for following his father and mother in sponsoring the cult of the Tyrian Baal, inquiring of Baal-Zebub of Philistine Ekron in addition to his maintenance of the calf-cult initiated by Jeroboam I. The defeat of the army of Israel and the death of Ahab in the war with the Arameans (853 B.C.E.) encouraged mesha , king of Moab, to free himself from Israelite suzerainty and to engage in war with Ahaziah. Apparently the Ammonites also gained their freedom at that time (II Chron. 20:1). The traditional alliance between the house of Omri and Judah suffered when jehoshaphat , king of Judah, refused partnership in the maritime commercial venture organized at the port of Ezion-Geber which was proposed by the king of Israel (I Kings 22:49–50; see, however, II Chron. 20:35–37). In the second year of his reign Ahaziah was severely injured in a fall from the window of an upper story of his palace and sent to ask for an oracle of Baal-Zebub, god of Ekron. elijah reproved him for this act and prophesied that he would die (II Kings 1:2 ff.). Given the fantastic elements in the chapter, i.e., repeated fire from heaven called down by the prophet, we might do well to explain the account of Ahaziah's deeds as a theological justification for his brief reign and premature death. Ahaziah left no sons and was succeeded on the throne by his brother Jehoram. (2) The son of jehoram , king of Judah, and athaliah , daughter (or sister) of Ahab, king of Israel. Ahaziah ascended the throne at the age of 22 and reigned for one year over Judah (c. 842–841 B.C.E.; II Kings 8:25 ff.). His name is misspelled "Johoahaz" in II Chronicles 21:16–17 and "Azariah" in II Chronicles 22:6. He followed his mother Athaliah in all matters relating to the cult. The political alliance with the dynasty of Omri was revived and he and his uncle or cousin King Jehoram of Israel went to war against Ḥazael, king of Aram (II Kings 8:28–29; II Chron. 22:5–6). Jehoram was wounded in   the battle, and Ahaziah visited him in Jezreel. Because of this kinship and friendship, jehu killed him as well as Jehoram (II Kings 9:27–28; II Chron. 22:9). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Bright, Hist, 223 ff., 232–4; Yeivin, in: JQR, 50 (1959/60), 219 ff.; EM, 1 (1965), 210–1. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB; 1988), 21–28, 98–100; W. Thiel, in: ABD, 1, 107–9.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ahaziah — ( held by Jehovah ) was the name of two kings:*Ahaziah of Israel *Ahaziah of Judah …   Wikipedia

  • Ahaziah —    1) (fl. 9th cent BCE)    King of Israel (853 852 BCE). He was influenced by his mother, Jezebel, who introduced the cult of Baal into Israel. He was injured in a fall from an upper chamber in his palace and asked for an oracle from Baal Zebub; …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Ahaziah — /ay euh zuy euh, ay ha /, n. 1. a son of Ahab and his successor as king of Israel, reigned 853? 852? B.C. I Kings 22:40. 2. a king of Judah, 846? B.C. II Kings 8:24. * * * …   Universalium

  • Ahaziah —    Held by Jehovah.    1) The son and successor of Ahab. He followed the counsels of his mother Jezebel, and imitated in wickedness the ways of his father. In his reign the Moabites revolted from under his authority (2 Kings 3:5 7). He united… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Ahaziah — /ay euh zuy euh, ay ha /, n. 1. a son of Ahab and his successor as king of Israel, reigned 853? 852? B.C. I Kings 22:40. 2. a king of Judah, 846? B.C. II Kings 8:24 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ahaziah of Judah — This entry is not about King Ahaziah of Israel. Ahaziah of Judah (אחזיהו המלך) was king of Judah, and the son of Jehoram and Athaliah, the daughter of king Ahab of Israel. He is also called Jehoahaz (2 Chronicles 21:17; 25:23). He took the throne …   Wikipedia

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  • 2 Chronicles 22 — 1 And the inhabitants of Jerusalem made Ahaziah his youngest son king in his stead: for the band of men that came with the Arabians to the camp had slain all the eldest. So Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah reigned. 2 Forty and two years… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Tel Dan Stele — The Tel Dan Stele is a black basalt stele erected by an Aramaean king in northernmost Israel, containing an Aramaic inscription to commemorate his victory over the ancient Hebrews. Although the name of the author does not seem to appear on the… …   Wikipedia


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